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Alexander Alexandrovich Alekhine was the fourth World Champion, reigning from 1927 to 1935, and from 1937 until his death in 1946. By the age of 22, Alekhine was one of the strongest chess players in the world. During the 1920s, he won most of the tournaments in which he played. In 1927, he became the fourth World Chess Champion by defeating José Raúl Capablanca. In the early 1930s, Alekhine dominated tournament play and won two top-class tournaments by large margins. He is known for his fierce and imaginative attacking style, combined with great positional and endgame skill. He is also known as a chess writer and theoretician, having produced innovations in a wide range of chess openings and having given his name to Alekhine’s Defence and several other opening variations. Alekhine wrote over twenty books on chess. One of the best-known is: My Best Games of Chess 1908–1937. He said that he practiced chess eight hour a day. When asked, -How is it that you pick better moves than your opponents? He responded: there is a very simple answer. I think up my own moves, and I make my opponent think up his. Here are some of his most famous quotes:
“You can become a big master in chess only if you see your mistakes and short-comings. Exactly the same as in life itself.”
“Chess, like other arts, must be practiced to be appreciated.”
“A lifetime is not enough to learn everything about chess.”
Alekhine died in Portugal in 1946, in unclear circumstances. Some sources say poisoning. Alekhine is the only World Chess Champion to have died while holding the title.